Table of Contents
Falkland Islands Sourcebook (1st Edition)
This document is a guide to the Falkland Islands in the world of Twilight:2000. Two versions are available, one for the first edition of the game, one for the second edition. This version of the document is suitable for games using the first edition of Twilight:2000.
Argentina has always claimed sovereignty of the Islands, and in 1982, launched an invasion to take them by force. The British sent a task force which, after heavy fighting, was successful in re-taking the islands. In the aftermath of the war, the islands' defences were significantly improved. RAF Mount Pleasant was established, and an infantry battalion was stationed on the islands in addition to the existing Royal Marine detachment (Naval Party 8901).
In 1997, the regular British army battalion on the islands was withdrawn and replaced by a Territorial Army battalion. All RAF and Royal Navy resources were removed from the islands to reinforce the European theatre. In 1998, the scientific stations on South Georgia were abandoned. The inhabitants moved to the Falkland Islands.
It is not easy to get to the Falkland Islands. They are around 250 nautical miles from Argentina, the closest land mass. In the world of Twilight:2000, such a journey is a significant undertaking. Navigating there is a difficult task, using whichever skill fits the mode of transport used (most likely SBH, LAP or possibly JP).
The Falkland Islands are an archipelago consisting of two large islands (West Falkland and East Falkland), and 776 smaller islands. The islands are situated roughly 250 nautical miles east of southern Argentina, in the South Atlantic. The population of around 3,000 is largely of British descent.
Both main islands have mountain ranges and some swampy areas. There is no woodland, and much of the islands should be considered open ground. Temperatures vary from 4°C in July to 13°C in January. Annual rainfall is around 570mm (22.5 inches), with snow and sleet frequent during the winter. Strong winds are common, especially during the winter.
There are two large airports, Stanley Airport to the east of Stanley and RAF Mount Pleasant, roughly midway between Bluff Cove and Darwin. Both of these are on East Falkland. Goose Green, on East Falkland and Pebble Island, to the north of West Falkland, have small airfields suitable for light aircraft.
Outside of Stanley, there are no paved roads. The road network consists of rough tracks, only passable by off-road vehicles. When it is wet, these roads can become entirely impassible.
There are large numbers of anti-personnel mines on the Islands, laid during the 1982 war. All minefields are clearly marked, so there is little danger of stepping on a mine.
Life in the Falkland Islands
Life on the islands has never been particularly easy, since advanced services weren't available locally and the climate is harsh. The war hasn't changed life on the islands a great deal, since they were largely self-sufficient before the war. Most settlements even have electricity, generated using wind turbines.
Stanley is the largest settlement by far, with a population of around 2,000. Other settlements generally consist of a few farms. Stanley has two schools, the Infant & Junior School has students from age four to eleven, and the Falkland Island Community School has students from 11 to 16. There is a well-equipped hospital, though supplies are running low, and equipment is starting to break down due to a lack of spare parts. Stanley has a port facility.
Roughly one in ten of the people in Stanley own an FN FAL rifle, acquired at the end of the 1982 war, when the weapons were stacked in piles awaiting disposal. Most of these rifles have little, if any ammunition.
The islanders' diet consists primarily of fish, lamb, mutton and vegetables. As spare parts for machinery are running out, the islanders are finding it more difficult to produce enough food, and are having to resort to more traditional methods.
Historically, the islanders have been steadfast in their determination to remain British. Recently, however, an independence movement has started to make itself heard, led by MLC Biggs. Recent difficulties producing enough food, along with a growing feeling that Argentina is not capable of attacking the islands, have increased the sympathy for the independence movement.
Government and Politics
The Islands are governed by Governor Donald Alexander Lamont (appointed by the British Government), who chairs an elected legislative council of eight members. Normally the Governor reports to the British government in London, but communications were cut off during the war, and the Islands are now isolated, with no means of communicating with the outside world.
Although the islanders have traditionally had a strong allegiance to Great Britain, some are now starting to question this, and calls for independence are beginning to be heard. Whereas Britain was once a source of help and support for the Islands, the war has meant that the islands now have to fend for themselves. The British servicemen on the island are viewed by some as a drain on resources, rather than a neccessary defence force.
Governor Donald Alexander Lamont
Governor Lamont was born in 1956. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office immediately after graduation. He has since served in various foreign postings, and was posted to the Falkland Islands in 1997.
He married Gloria Louise Huntingdon in 1978. They have no children.
Although he has no contact with Great Britain, he strives to continue to serve the interests of his country. That means keeping the Falkland Islands as a British dependency, bringing him into conflict with the increasing pro-independence movement in the islands, and particularly MLC Biggs.
Governor Lamont's native language is English (100%). He also speaks Arabic (70%) and Spanish (50%). He is an Experienced NPC
NPC Motivation: Queen of spades, nine of clubs: Lamont considers it his duty to ensure that the Islands remain a British dependency, and he will let nothing stand in the way of that duty. He is willing to order the local army and Royal Marine units to use force on the local population if that should become necessary.
Gloria is a Novice NPC. Her native language is English (100%). She also speaks German (60%)
MLC Mike Biggs
MLC (Member of the Legislative Council) Mike Biggs is a fourth-generation islander, born in 1958. Although he was previously a staunch supporter of strong links with Britain, he now believes that complete independence the only sensible course for the Islands. In his opinion, the British forces on the island serve no useful purpose since no country is in a position to be able to attack, but they do put an additional strain on the scant resources of the islands.
He married Elizabeth Young in 1980. They have two children, John (born 1983) and Susan (born 1985).
MLC Biggs has become the spokesman for the nascent independence movement, and frequently clashes with Governor Lamont over the issue.
MLC Biggs' native language is English (100%). He is a Novice NPC
NPC Motivation: Ace of Hearts, five of diamonds. Biggs desires justice for everyone, but particularly the islanders, and considers independence to be a just goal. He is somewhat miserly, and will always pay as little as possible.
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur George Pickton MC
Lieutenant Colonel Pickton was born in 1955, the eldest son of an army officer. He joined the army as soon as he left school, and was steadily promoted. He is a competent officer, though lacking in initiative. He is not married.
Lieutenant Colonel Pickton's native language is English (100%). He also speaks German (50%). He is a Veteran NPC
NPC Motivation: Ace of spaces, queen of clubs. Pickton is extremely charismatic and well liked by his men. He is very stubborn, and once set on a course will not be distracted from it. This sometimes means that he is unable or unwilling to adapt to changing circumstances.
Lieutenant Richard Cecil Brown
Lieutenant Brown was born in 1978 and joined the Royal Marines just after the outbreak of war. He is currently in a serious relationship with Lisa Haywood, a resident of Stanley and a strong advocate for independence. He has a deep affinity for the local people, and has a lot of sympathy for the increasingly vocal independence movement. He is careful not to voice those views to his superiors, since they are unlikely to be welcomed.
Lieutenant Brown's native language is English (100%). He is a Veteran NPC
NPC Motivation: nine of hearts, three of clubs. Brown has come to believe that the Falkland Islands should be for the local people, and that the continued British presence on the islands is unjustified. He is willing to use violence when necessary, particularly in defence of his friends and colleagues.
The British military presence in the Islands was scaled down during the war, as forces were moved to fight in Europe. Consequently, there is no RAF presence in the islands, and the only Royal Navy presence is a platoon of Royal Marines. If transport was available, the UK government would probably remove the remaining personnel from the islands. There is no presence on South Georgia or the South Sandwich Islands.
Falkland Islands Defence Force
In June 1892 a Chilean steamer, with 200 armed men aboard, called at Port William for repairs. The presence of so many armed men was considered to be a threat to the islands, and so the governor formed the Falkland Islands Volunteers, with an initial strength of 37 men, to provide the islands with an indigenous defence force.
During the First World War, the islands were placed on a war footing, and the Volunteers were stationed in outposts around Stanley, the capital. It was one of these outposts that first spotted the smoke of the German East Asia Squadron as it headed for the Falklands. The outpost provided information on the movement of the German ships before and after the subsequent Battle of the Falkland Islands. The Volunteers were stood down in 1919, and later the same year, the name of the force was changed to the Falkland Islands Defence Force (FIDF).
During the Second World War, the FIDF was stationed in outposts throughout the islands. In 1942, they were joined by a battalion of the 11th West Yorkshire Regiment, stationed in Stanley. The islands saw no action during the war, although Port Stanley was an important staging post for the Royal Navy (A badly damaged HMS Exeter repaired to Port Stanley after the Battle of the River Plate).
A Royal Marines presence was established in the islands in 1952. Following this, the FIDF adopted Royal Marine drill, trained with the Marines, and adopted a dress uniform similar to that of the Marines.
In 1966, 20 armed El Condor nationalists (Argentinean revolutionaries) hijacked a DC-4 aircraft and forced the pilot to land on Stanley Racecourse. After landing, four islanders were taken hostage and the Argentine flag was run up, before the FIDF and Royal Marines contained the aircraft and hijackers. After being deprived of food, water, sleep and food, the hijackers surrendered, with no loss of life. The British authorities returned the hijackers to Argentina. The FIDF was kept on heightened alert, with a section on permanent standby, until February 1967. In November 1968 a light aircraft from Argentina landed on Eliza Cove Road, and the FIDF was deployed once again to contain the aircraft. In this case, however, the passengers were unarmed Argentine journalists.
When Argentina invaded the islands on 1st April 1982, the FIDF was mobilised along with the Royal Marine detachment on the islands. On the following morning, the governor of the islands ordered the surrender of the FIDF and Royal Marines. The Argentines declared the FIDF an illegal organisation and arrested several members, holding them under house arrest in Fox Bay until the Argentine surrender. The FIDF was reformed in 1983.
In 1997, Argentina, taking advantage of British military commitments elsewhere, invaded the Falkland Islands once again. As in 1982, the FIDF was mobilised along with the Royal Marine detachment on the islands. They put up a spirited but brief fight, and after a day of intense fighting, the governor of the islands ordered them to surrender. Prominent members were arrested and held in custody until the Argentine forces left in 1998.
The Falkland Islands Defence Force (FIDF) has a current strength of 109 men, but retired members could be called upon if required to bring the strength up to 143. It is organised as a light infantry company, with light infantry doctrine and tactics. It has sniper/recce, machine gun, close combat, amphibious and logistic support units. They are equipped with Steyr AUG assault rifles, L7A2 GPMG and Browning M2HB 0.50“ heavy machine gun. The unit has two functioning Land Rovers. Uniforms are based on those of the Royal Marines.
The FIDF is a part time force. The members primarily work at their civilian jobs and train at weekends under the supervision of an NCO from the Royal Marine garrison. They can be called up in a similar manner to territorial units in other countries when needed. They are Novice NPCs, with some Experienced NPCs.
4th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment
The 4th Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment (a Territorial Army battalion) is deployed to the islands. They are based at RAF Mount Pleasant, and are led by Lieutenant Colonel A.G. Pickton, who also has overall command of the military forces in the islands. Squads have L85 & L86, and are transported in Bedford MK trucks. The support company has six MILAN ATGM, nine L16A2 81mm mortars & nine L7A2 GPMG, and are transported in Land Rover 110s. The recce platoon has six Land Rover 110 with L7A2 GPMG.
Most are Experienced NPCs. The NCOs and officers are Veteran NPCs.
210 (Staffordshire) Battery Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
Another Territorial Army unit, 210 Battery are equipped with Rapier surface to air missiles and Blindfire radar. Each soldier also has an L85. The Rapier installation is fixed in place, with launchers around Mount Pleasant. Some of the launchers have been cannibalised to provide spare parts for other, more immediately essential equipment.
Most are Experienced NPCs. The NCOs and officers are Veteran NPCs.
Naval Party 8901
The Royal Marine presence on the islands consists of a single platoon, based just outside Stanley. They are led by Lieutenant R.C. Brown. They are equipped with L85, L86, L7A2 GPMG and three Land Rovers.
They are Veteran NPCs.
RAF Mount Pleasant
The largest military installation on the islands is RAF Mount Pleasant. This was established after the 1982 war, and is large enough to house around 2,000 personnel. It has two asphalt runways. The first is 8,497 feet long and is oriented east-west, the second is 5,003 feet long and oriented north-south.
Mare Harbour is a settlement to the south-west of Stanley, which was also a deep water port and depot facility for RAF Mount Pleasant. Before the war, Mare Harbour dealt with military shipping while Stanley dealt with civilian shipping.
Stanley Barracks are on Kiel Canal Road, just to the south of Stanley. It is a modern barracks complex with offices, sleeping quarters and a drill square. Naval Party 8901 is based at Stanley Barracks.
Moody Brook Barracks
Moody Brook Barracks is about 1km west of the outskirts of Stanley. It was used as the base for Naval Party 8901 until the 1982 war, when the building was damaged during the Argentine invasion. It has only been occassionally used since 1982, and is generally run-down.
The standard Argentinian rifle at the time of the 1982 invasion. Some were taken by islanders at the end of the war.
Ammo: 7.62mm N
Magazine: 20 box
Steyr AUG Assault Rifle
An Austrian bullpup configuration assault rifle.
Ammo: 5.56mm N
Magazine: 30 or 42 box
L85 Assault Rifle
The standard British assault rifle.
Ammo: 5.56mm N
Magazine: 20 or 30 box
L86 Light Support Weapon
The heavy-barreled support version of the L85, the L86 Light Support Weapon uses the same magazines as the L85 and is equipped with a bipod.
Ammo: 5.56mm N
Magazine: 30 box
L7A2 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG)
A medium machine gun firing 7.62mm NATO ammunition. It is fitted with a bipod and can also be fired from a tripod (NMT).
Ammo: 7.62mm N
Weight: 12 kg
Magazine: 50 belt
Browning M2HB 0.50" HMG
The M2 HB (Heavy Barrel) is the standard heavy machine gun in many western armies. It is loaded from 100 round belts, and can only be fired from a tripod (NHT) or vehicle mount.
Ammo: 0.50” BMG or SLAP
Weight: 42 kg
Arm (SLAP): x½
L16A2 81mm Mortar
MILAN Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)
A man-portable wire-guided anti-tank missile, fired from an integral tripod or vehicle mount. The missile will fly towards the target as long as the operator keeps the target in the firing unit's crosshairs. The firing unit weighs 16.5kg and each missile weighs 7kg.
Rapier Surface to Air Missile System
A British anti-aircraft missile system, in service since 1971. Once a target is detected, the operator visually acquires the target (an infra-red thermal imaging system allows use at night and in bad weather). The missiles are then guided to the target by the Blindfire radar, although they can be guided optically by the operator if necessary.
The launcher unit carries four missiles. The Blindfire rader is mounted on a seperate trailer.
Land Rover Defender 110 (4x4)
The standard British military light truck since the late 1940s, the Land Rover is available in several models. The long wheelbase 110 is the most widely used by military forces. It may be fitted with a pintle mount, equivalent to a NATO heavy tripod (NHT).
The Defender 110 is available as a pickup, hard top, soft top or double cab (with seats for five in the cab). The hard top or soft top can be removed to convert the vehicle into a pickup. Ambulance models are also available, which can take four stretcher cases.
Travel Move: 180/45
Combat Move: 60/35
Fuel Capacity: 75
Fuel Consumption: 25
Fuel Type: G, D, A
Vehicle Weight: 3 tons
Night Vision: Headlights
Bedford MK (4x4) 4-ton Truck
The standard British army truck, it is available in many variants and like the Land Rover, can be found wherever there is a British army presence. The soft top and sides can be removed, creating a flatbed.
Travel Move: 100/10
Combat Move: 35/10
Fuel Capacity: 150
Fuel Consumption: 40
Fuel Type: G, D, A
Load: 4.5 tons
Vehicle Weight: 9.5 tons
Night Vision: Headlights